What is the partial free will?

We can divide the acts of human beings into two parts.

Some of them are the acts occurring completely out of human free will. The beating of a heart, the circulation of blood, breathing in and out opening and closing our eyelids are examples to such acts. These types of acts are named as “involuntary acts” Human free will cannot interfere with these types of acts; therefore, there is no responsibility or award for these acts.

The other acts are related to human free will. The acts such as eating, drinking, looking, talking, walking are included in this part. In this part, we have a choice We can look at permissible images but we can also look at sinful images. We can eat permissible foods or we can eat forbidden foods. We can talk about good things but we can also lie and gossip. These types of acts are named as “voluntary acts”.

Partial free will is our ability to choose regarding those acts. In terms of creation, both involuntary and voluntary acts are created by God. However, our demand is in question regarding voluntary acts. This demand is called partial free will.

In other words, in voluntary acts, man is the one that demands and God is the one that creates the acts. Because of this demand, man becomes obedient or rebellious. That is to say, human free will relates to the attribute of the act and the power of God relates to the essence of the act.

For example, God creates the essence of the act of writing. The writings can include good deeds or sins. In the first situation, writing is beneficial but in the second situation. it is harmful. Here, whether the act of writing is beneficial or harmful is decided by man. Man decides and God creates the writing according to man’s decision. Man becomes responsible because of this choice and decision. Now, we will try to understand the nature of the partial free will with three different examples:

Example 1:

Suppose that we are in the guesthouse of a king. On each floor of the guesthouse, different benefactions and gifts are exhibited and as we come up, we see that these benefactions and gifts increase. Suppose that, on the bottom floor of the guest house, there is punishment instead of benefactions and pains instead of gifts. There is only one way to go up and down: to enter the elevator and push the button of the floor that we want to reach.

Now we are in the elevator and we push a button that hoists us up and the elevator hoisted us up. Or we pushed a button to go down and the elevator took us down. Moreover, we should not forget that a person can push the button to go up but then can change the decision and can push the button that will take him or her down and he or she starts to go down. Or a person can push the button to go down but if he or she wants to go up and if his elevator journey has not finished yet, the person can push the button that hoists him or her up and he or she can reach the upper floor.

Now let us analyze our situation: We did not make the elevator and we cannot carry it by our force. However, the elevator does not act on its own. We push a button by using our free will and the elevator takes us to that floor.

Therefore, we cannot say,: “I move the elevator and it works by my force” Similarly, we cannot say, “This elevator acts on its own; if it wants, it carries me up” “or carries me down; I can do nothing about it; I have no free will.”  We cannot claim, “I move the elevator  by my force” because we do not have even a little bit of force to move the elevator and to invent it. Let alone claiming to move the elevator by our own force, we probably do not even get in the elevator by our own force. The merciful king of this guest house makes us get into the elevator without our force and intervention So, we cannot say that we carry the elevator on our own Likewise, We cannot claim, “we have no intervention  in the movement of the elevator; it carries us base on its desire and free will”; because the elevator carries us to the floor that we want to go by pushing the button. It does not carry us to the floor that we do not want to go.

Then, the best statement is this:  “We do not carry the elevator and the elevator does not work with our force.  However, we determine the floor that the elevator goes up or down because of our free will by pushing buttons.” Therefore, we determine the floor that we will go to. The elevator acts based on our determination and demand.

Now, we will explain the facts in the example: In this example, the guesthouse is this world and this beautiful realm.

The owner of the guesthouse is God, the sultan of pre-eternity and post-eternity.

The top floors of the guesthouse are the deeds that help us to reach Heaven; the bottom floors of the guesthouse are the sins that cause us to go to Hell.

The elevator is God’s will and power. Pushing the button of the elevator is our demand from God to create that deed. This is partial free will.

When we decide to read the Holy Quran with our free will and when we demand to read the Holy Quran, God creates with His power the deed of “reading the Holy Quran”. Namely, when we are in this situation, we push the upper button of the elevator and the elevator carries us to that floor. Everything, from our mouth’s movement to the Holy Quran that we read, belongs to God. Everything happens with His creation. We only   prefer and demand this condition to be created by God. This preference and demand is named as partial free will.

Instead of reading the Quran, if we want to read a book that includes sins, then it means, with our free will, we push a button that takes us downstairs. Namely, we demand this deed to be created by God and God creates this deed because this life is a test.

God’s creation is dependent on our desire, namely, our free will; so we become responsible for our deeds.  However, God does not create that sin due to His mercy in many cases and God prevents us from sinning.

Example 2:

Suppose that on a dock the sultan’s ships are arranged in an order and in front of the dock, there are two islands. The sultan commands the captains to go to the island on the right side and bans them from going to the island on the left side. The sultan tests the captains about their obedience to him and the sultan does not interfere in the captains who go to the island on the left side due to the test.

Suppose that the ships are equipped with the same devices and the routes to both islands are kept open. On the other hand, all needs and fuels of the ships are provided by the sultan. Here, the captain only turns the rudder and chooses the island that he decides to go. The ship and the movement of the ship belong to the sultan.

If this shipmaster goes to the island on the right side by obeying the command of the sultan, he will meet various benefactions. If he goes to the island on the left side, he will be a target for the attacks of wild animals and he will be punished by the sultan’s officers in various ways. Each captain can give direction to the ship and go to the island that he decides to go  as a cox of the sultan. When a captain decides to go to an island, the ship will follow the route that the captain will give and the sea will carry the ship until it reaches this island.

We also must add that the captain has a right, at every moment of the travel, to change the route. For example, when he is travelling towards the island on the left, he can turn the direction towards the right side or when he is travelling towards the island on the right, he can turn the direction towards the left side.

Now let us analyze it:  The captain does not cause the ship to float on the water with his own power because he does not have the necessary power for it.  Likewise, he cannot fulfill the needs of the ship on his own.  Neither did he make this ship, nor is he the owner of the sea and other devices in the ship; all of them belong to the sultan.

However, the ship does not move on its own, without the will of the captain. The preference of the captain gives direction to the ship. The captain cannot say this: “I am directing and carrying this ship with my own power”; because he does not have such a power.  He cannot say this, either:   “The ship is floating  out of my will.  It is carrying me to the island that it wants by force. I am not responsible for the movement of the ship.”  He cannot say so because the ship travels based on his preference. Then, the best statement is this:  “I am not the owner of the ship and its devices.  They belong to my sultan. I am only a cox of the ship and I determine a route for the ship but I am such a cox that I will be accounted for every movement of the ship because my will and desire cause the movements of the ship.”

Now,let us explain the facts in the example:

The dock in example is this world.

The sultan is God, who is owner of the universe.

Each ship is a man. The devices in the ship are the senses and the organs which are given to man by God.

As for those two islands, the island on the right side is Heaven and the deeds that cause man to go to Heaven; the island on the left is Hell and the deeds that cause man to go Hell.

The captain’s deciding the route of the ship and turning the rudder is partial free will. Every organ and cell in the human body, each system in the universe and sphere serve and move  thanks to the will and the power of God. However, in voluntary deeds, man is not plunged into the sea of events like a captain whose hand and arms are tied. Man prefers and determines his ship’s (body) island (movement)  thanks to his partial free will. So he decides the destination which he will go on his own. The ability of this decision-making is named as partial free will.

Example 3:

Suppose that a child is sitting on the back of a wrestler. There are two mountains in front of them. On the mountain in the right, delicious foods   and many benefactions are available.  On the mountain in the left, only thorny food and wild animals are available.

The child will climb up one of these mountains but his own force is not enough to climb the mountains; so, a wrestler takes him or her on his back  and he will carry the child  by obeying the child’s desire and decision. Suppose that this child wants to climb the mountain on the left instead of the mountain on the right, which includes many beautiful benefactions and the child wants the wrestler to climb the mountain on the left. The wrestler carries him to that mountain. As a result of his desire, after climbing that mountain, he encounters hundreds of pains and fears.

Now, let us analyze the situation: The child did not climb that mountain with his own force. Besides, his force is not enough to climb that mountain on his own. However, the wrestler did not carry him to the mountain on the left by force. If the child had wanted to climb the mountain on the right, the wrestler would have carried him to the mountain on the right. As a matter of fact, he carried many people to the mountain on the right. Then, the child cannot claim that he climbed the mountain with his own force.  He cannot claim that the wrestler carried him to the mountain on the left by force, either.

The best statement that the child can make is this:  “I did not climb the mountain with my own force. The wrestler carried me to this mountain. However, the wrestler did not do it by disregarding my desire and decision. On the contrary, he obeyed my demand.  I wanted him to carry me to the mountain on the left and he did it. The responsibility in climbing that mountain lies with me.”

Now we will explain the facts in the example:

The mountain on the right in the example is Heaven and the deeds that cause us to go to Heaven.

The mountain on the right is Hell and the bad deeds that cause us to go to Hell.

That child is us, that is, human beings.

The wrestler is the power of God.

Yes, we act thanks to the power of God. In the example, the child sits on the back of the wrestler. Likewise, we act with the power of God. We want God to carry us to the mountain that we want to climb and to create the act that we want to make. Our demand is the partial free will. God creates our demands even if He does not approve them because life is a test. Here; we want the act to be created by God. God is creator of the act.  We become responsible for this demand because our demand and desire caused the creation of the act.

Then, our task is using our partial free will for the demand of good deeds and asking God to create the deeds that cause us to go to Heaven. When this desire combines with a good intention, it will make us deserve Heaven.

Happy is the man who uses the partial free will that was given to him in the creation of good deeds and who does the deeds that cause him to go to Heaven. Shame on the man who uses his partial free will, which was given to him to demand good acts, in the way of sins and misappropriation.

 

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