Knowledge is dependent on the known -2-

EXAMPLE 6:

Think of a commander. With his camera, he is going to control the soldiers keeping guard and he sees that two soldiers are sleeping during their duty. And the commander records them. In this event, knowledge is the record in the camera and the knowledge of the commander about the conditions of these soldiers. The thing known is their sleeping.

Our question is the same again: “Did the soldiers sleep because of the commander’s recording?  Namely, is the known (the soldiers’ sleeping) dependent on knowledge? Or did the commander record because of their sleeping? Namely, is knowledge (the knowledge of the commander and his taking them to the camera) dependent on the known?  Doubtlessly, the knowledge of the commander and the camera recording is dependent on the known, namely, the conditions of the soldiers. The cause of their sleeping is not the knowledge of the commander and the camera recording that was made by him. On the contrary, the commander knew it because he saw that they were sleeping during the mission and he recorded them.

If the commander calls these soldiers the next day and he shows the camera recording to them and he says to them: “Why did you sleep during the mission and why did you disobey the rule of the military service? This is a crime. You are going to be punished.” Can the soldiers who were reprehended by the commander say, “We committed this crime because of you. You forced us to commit the crime because you recorded us with the camera. If you had not recorded us with the camera we would have not slept.” Doubtlessly, they cannot say so because our rule was this: The knowledge of the commander is dependent on the known (the soldiers’ sleeping). Let us repeat it once more. The cause of their sleeping is not the knowledge of the commander. The commander knew it because he saw that they were sleeping; so he recorded them with the camera. If they had not slept like the other soldiers, the commander would have known them as “awake” and he would have recorded them as “awake”.

Now, suppose that this commander is also a spiritual commander and he can travel in time. Namely, he can travel to tomorrow and other days whenever he wants; so he knows the events in the past and in the future before the present. Suppose that this commander travels to one month further in the future and he records the soldiers’ sleeping during the duty with the camera and then he returns to the present day. One month later, these soldiers slept as the commander saw and recorded them with the camera. Namely, the knowledge of the commander about the future came true. He called these soldiers to his room and he showed the camera recording which he had made one month ago and he said to them: “Look! I knew a month ago that you would sleep during the duty; I even recorded your state with the camera.” Can these soldiers have the right to say to the commander: “Our commander, then you are guilty. Why did you not record us when we were awake?  If you had not known this state of ours and if you had not recorded us when we were sleeping, we would have not slept; so we do not accept the punishment.” Doubtlessly, they cannot say so because the knowledge of the commander is knowledge and it is dependent on the known (the soldiers’ sleeping) The cause of their sleeping is not the knowledge of the commander about their conditions. On the contrary, the commander travelling in time went to the future, namely to one month further and he saw their state and he recorded them. In other words, the cause of their sleeping is not the knowledge of the commander. On the contrary, the knowledge of the commander is dependent on their preference for sleeping and their sleeping. If they had not preferred sleeping, then the commander would have not recorded them in this way.

Likewise, God, the commander of pre-eternity and post-eternity is free from time and place; so, He sees and knows all events at all times with His eternal knowledge. We had analyzed this issue in the issue of the “pre-eternity of God.” God recorded our all deeds that we will do in the future with our free will.

Namely, He recorded them on the destiny board which is a title of His knowledge. If a sinner, like the soldiers in our example, says: “The cause of my sins is the knowledge of God. The crime belongs to the knowledge of God.  If He had not known, I would have not sinned”, does he not fall into a foolish situation like the soldiers in the example? A person can easily understand that the commander in the example did not force the soldiers to sleep and he is not guilty.

Then, why does man try to blame the writing and the knowledge of God who was the commander of the universe instead of blaming herself or himself? This is a paradox!

EXAMPLE 7:

In the train stations, the times that the trains will arrive are written. This writing is knowledge. The thing known is the arrival of the train in that time.

Our question is the same again: “Is the arrival of the train because of the writing, or was this writing written because of the knowledge about the arrival of the train?

What was our rule? “Knowledge is dependent on the known” Then, the answer to our question is: The arrival of the train is known so it was written. If its opposite had happened, namely, the known had been dependent on knowledge, when a naughty boy changed the arrival time of the train, the arrival of the train would have changed. Furthermore, if the train timetable which shows arrival and departure times were  broken accidentally, no trains would arrive at that station. However, none of them happens because the thing known is never dependent on knowledge.

The knowledge of God and the destiny board is like the train timetable in which arrival and departure times are written; and this is knowledge. All of our deeds in the past, the present and the future are like the train which is going to arrive at the station. In our example, the cause of the arrival of the train is not the writing on the timetable.  On the contrary, such a writing was written   because the man writing it knows that the train is going to arrive at that time.  Likewise, the cause of our deeds is not the knowledge of God. God knows that we will do them in the future.

EXAMPLE 8:  

Think of an experienced judge in his job. Because of his experience, he almost knows the character of a person by looking at his or her eyes. When this judge walks on the road, he sees a man who looks like guilty and because of his experience he writes in his notebook that this person will commit a crime and he will appear at in court as a criminal. Sometime later, that man appears in court and he meets the experienced judge here. After deciding his punishment, the judge says to him: “Look! This is my notebook! I had seen you in the street and I had predicted that you would have committed a crime and I wrote it in my notebook.”

In reply to the judge’s saying can the guilty man have a right to say this: “Then, I committed this crime because of your writing. If you had not written it, I would have not committed this crime.” Certainly, he cannot say so because the cause of his crime is not that writing and it did not force him to the crime.  On the contrary, the knowledge of the judge is dependent on the guilty person. The experienced judge knew that this person would have committed a crime and he recorded it in his notebook.

Similarly, God who is the only judge of this universe knows all servants’ deeds in the past, the present and the future with His eternal knowledge and He wrote them on the destiny board. The cause of our deeds is not the writing of God. On the contrary, God wrote them because He knows that we will do them in the future.

When this is the truth, the defence of the guilty person against the judge and blaming the writing of the judge instead of blaming himself is extremely wrong. If we do these wrong deeds against God, namely, by blaming the writing of God because of our sins and say wrong things like: “If God had not written, we would have not sinned”, are those sayings not regarded as a greater sin than our sins?

EXAMPLE 9:

Think of an experienced teacher. With the experience, he decides which students will pass the class and which students will fail in the beginning of the year and he records this prediction in a notebook.

And when the end of the year comes, the students who the teacher had predicted that would have passed the class pass the class and other students fail. The teacher gives the students their school reports and the students see them. After they see them, the teacher says: “Look! This is my notebook. I had predicted that you would fail and I had written it in the beginning of the year. And you failed as I had predicted.” In response to the sayings of their teacher, do these lazy students have the right to say this:

“O teacher, you wrote this writing before our failure. Then, the cause of our failure is this writing of you. If you had written about us: ‘They will pass the class’, we would have not failed.”  Doubtlessly, they cannot say it because the knowledge of the teacher is dependent on the known (laziness of these students) In other words: The cause of their failure  is not the writing of the teacher. On the contrary, the teacher knew with his or her experience that they would not study the lessons and be lazy  and the teacher wrote it in the notebook.

If they had failed because of the writing of the teacher, then, the teacher would have written for the hardworking students: “They will fail”; and the hardworking students would also have failed. However, none of them happens.  Nobody fails or becomes successful because of the writing of the teacher  because the knowledge does not force and compel the person. It is only a declaration.

Likewise, God, who is the teacher of the unseen realms,  knows with His eternal knowledge  which people will fail the test of life  and which people will be successful and go to Heaven; and He wrote this knowledge on the destiny board which is a title of the knowledge of God If the students failing their exams blame their teachers and instead of blaming themselves, they do a meaningless deed. Similarly, if a sinner person blames destiny because of his or her own sins this person does a meaningless deed and it is far from the reality.

EXAMPLE 10:

To be able to understand the rule of  “knowledge is dependent on the known”, we gave nine examples because understanding this rule and the pre-eternity of God means understanding destiny. We will finish the rule of “knowledge is dependent on the known” with a final example.

The Prophet Muhammad (Pbuh) mentioned about the unrests and disorders at the end of time and the signs of the Judgment Day.

The knowledge of the Prophet Muhammad (Pbuh) is knowledge. The thing known is the events themselves.

Our question is the same again: Is the cause of the occurrence of these events the notification of the Prophet Muhammad (Pbuh)? Or is the cause of the notification of the Prophet Muhammad (Pbuh) the occurrence of these events at the end of time?

Knowledge is dependent on the thing known; so, the cause of the notification of the Prophet Muhammad (Pbuh) is the occurrence of these events at the end of time. If we think its opposite, then, blaming the Prophet Muhammad (Pbuh) because of these events and saying: “If he had not said them, they would have not occurred” would have been necessary but everybody who is sane can know that this thinking and this saying is extremely wrong.

With these ten examples, we have understood that “knowledge is dependent on the known.” Now, we will analyze this rule about destiny: The knowledge of God about all of our deeds in the past, the present and the future and the writing of God on the destiny board is knowledge. What is this knowledge dependent on?

Doubtlessly, it is dependent on the thing known namely our deeds in the past, the present and the future.

In other words, God knows with His eternal knowledge that we will make these deeds in the future.

The cause of our deeds is not the knowledge of God. God does not force us to make the deeds.

Then, we can say this: Man who blames destiny because of his sins is not aware of the two issues.

1-   The first, he does not know the meaning of the pre-eternity of God.

2-   And the second, he is unaware of the rule of “knowledge is dependent on the thing known.”

And when these two issues are understood, all questions about destiny will find the answers.

Up to this part of our work, we tried to explain that the cause of our deeds is not the enforcement, compulsion of God and the writing on the destiny board. On the contrary, whatever we will make is written on the destiny board thanks to the eternal knowledge of God.

In the other parts of our work, we will analyze the questions about destiny and we will analyze their answers under separate headings.

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