Is man doomed to his destiny?

Man was sent to this world for a test. Man will receive either award or punishment in return for his deeds. Such award or punishment necessitates free will of man. Our fair Lord shows man the way of good and bad but God lets man choose one of these ways. We will affirm our saying with the two verses in the Holy Quran:

“Say: “O ye men! Now Truth hath reached you from your Lord! those who receive Guidance, do so for the good of their own souls; those who stray, do so to their own loss:…” (Surah Yunus 10/108)

“And say: The Truth is from your Lord so let him who please believe, and let him who please disbelieve;…” (Surah al-Kahf 18/29)

As it can be seen, man is not forced by God to go to one of the good and bad ways. God showed the two ways to man and man became free with the permission of God to go to either of the ways. Besides, all people know their freedom in their actions. Man is a witness to his free will without under pressure and being influenced. For example, when man wants to lift up his hand, he can lift up his hand. When he wants to walk, he can walk. Likewise, a man who wants to go to mosque can go to the mosque; a man who wants to go to the casino can go to the casino. Neither the feet of the man going to mosque, nor the feet of the man going to the casino say, “I do not want to go there”. Therefore, a man using the benefaction of the body to commit sins has no excuse because he has a free will and God orders the benefaction of the body to be used in permissible ways. A man who abuses the free will man cannot escape responsibility.

Does a man claiming that he sins because of being a prisoner of fate call it destiny when another man sins?

For example, a man says he steals due to being a prisoner of fate. Another thief enters this man’s house and that thief starts to collect the valuable things; the owner of the house asks the thief what he is doing, the thief says: “I am a prisoner of fate. In my fate, theft is written. I will do it willy-nilly”. Does the owner of the house permit the thief to steal his valuable things?

Suppose that a man claims that he is a murderer because of being a prisoner of fate. If his child is killed by another man and if the killer says: “I did it because this is written in my fate.” How will the man whose child was killed react the murderer?

Moreover, thinking that a man is a prisoner of fate includes many dilemmas. In other words, if man was a prisoner of fate, the thief would have stolen because of destiny and the murderer would have killed with the same cause. However, it would have removed offer and responsibility; so God, would have become unjust toward His servants. However, if stones are bound to the feet of a man and he is thrown into the sea, God will not say to him, “get rid of this bad situation.” By saying: “I am prisoner of fate” man blames destiny because of his sin. In fact, by saying so, man commits a crime because he blames God and attributes oppression to God. However, God is absolutely fair and God is free from being unfair. However, man is not a living being who is thrown into the sea and who is then said, “Save yourself!”. Man who tries to put the blame on qadar (fate) by saying, “I am a prisoner of qadar” commits a big crime by saying so and attributes oppression to God, who is the owner of endless justice. However, God is absolutely fair and God is free from being unfair.

In addition, if man was a prisoner of fate, to command goodness, to ban evil, to reward people who obey God and to punish people who disobey God would have been meaningless. Everyone would have lived in the way that had been written in destiny. For example, the man praying God would have prayed because praying had been written in the destiny. Similarly, the man who sins would have sinned because, according to this understanding, to sin had been written in the destiny of the man. Therefore, sending prophets to guide people and sending holy books to guide people would have become meaningless because the advice to the people who were prisoners of their fate would not have affected them.

Furthermore, in many verses in the Holy Quran, God calls the servants to repent. If man had sinned because of being a prisoner of fate, the call to repent would not have been meaningful.

Another reason why man is not a prisoner of fate is the fact that he is not asked to worship and he is not regarded for the things that he cannot do. If man had been a prisoner of fate, such a separation would not have been made and everyone would have become responsible under every condition. In the rights belonging to God, the conditions abrogating the responsibility of people are as follows: Madness, dementia, forgetfulness, coercion and mistakes.

As a result, the deeds that are done in those cases are not voluntary deeds. Therefore, in this case, man does not become responsible. If man had been a prisoner of fate, these cases would not have been excluded from responsibility. Without excluding, clever, forgetful, sleeping, mistaken people, everyone would have become responsible.

God forgives the servant who sins because of others’ threats and coercions. However, when man is forgiven by such a merciful being, is it not something that deprives him of mercy to indict the mercy of God by saying: “You determined my fate; then, why do you punish me?”?

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