Is believing in destiny (qadar) compulsory to be a Muslim?

Is believing in destiny (qadar) compulsory to be a Muslim? In other words, if a man does not believe in destiny, and denies it, does that man exit from the religion? The only answer to such a question is yes. Believing in destiny is a must of the faith (Islam) and the man denying destiny exits from the religion because the Holy Quran teaches us to believe in destiny with many verses and the Holy Quran declares that God knows everything eternally. Some of these verses are as follows:

“With Allah are the keys of the Unseen, the treasures that none knows but Allah;  …and there falls not a leaf but Allah knows it, nor a grain in the darkness of the earth  nor anything green nor dry but (it is all) in a clear book.” (al-Anam, 6:59)

“Say: “Nothing will happen to us except what Allah has decreed for us: Allah is our Protector.”  (at-Tawba,9:51)

“No misfortune can happen on earth or in your souls but is recorded in a Book before We bring it into existence: That is truly easy for Allah:” (al-Hadid, 57:22)

“We have recorded everything in a clear writing.” (Yasin, 36:12)

“Allah knows what every female bears, and that of which the wombs fall short of completion and that in which they increase; and there is a measure with Allah of everything.”(ar-Rad, 13:8)

“Do you not know that Allah knows what is in the heaven and the earth? Surely this is in a book; surely this is easy to Allah.” (al-Hajj, 22:70)

These verses and many similar verses declare that everything was, in the knowledge of God before they were created. Its opposite cannot be thought because the knowledge of God surrounds everything, every time and every place. Not accepting it means attributing ignorance to God. However, far is God from all faults and defects.

If a destiny for man did not exist and if God knew man’s actions after the event happened, an end and a limit would have come to the knowledge of God and an increase, a decrease and a change would have been in question. However, none of them can be thought about God.

As we will also mention in the issue of being eternal, the knowledge of God surrounds everything. Namely, all creatures; past, present, future, earlier, last, external, internal, secret, evident… Shortly, everything is in God’s circle of observation in every moment. Nothing can be hidden from the knowledge of God. Consequently, if we say that there is no destiny for man, it means God does not know tomorrow because if God knows tomorrow, for every man there will be a destiny because destiny is the title of divine knowledge. In short, there is a destiny and it is real.

If we need a better understanding of destiny, we must know those two points well: The first; God is timeless. The second, the knowledge is dependent on the known. Namely, our knowledge about a thing is dependent on the known. When these two issues are explained well and when they are understood well, all questions about destiny will be answered. Now, we will explain these two issues.

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