Belief in qadar and tawakkul

Some people regard tawakkul (putting trust in God, reliance on God) as laziness. Especially, western sources insist on showing tawakkul like that deliberately. Therefore, it will be useful to deal with and to explain belief in qadar and tawakkul under a separate heading.

The meaning of tawakkul is to appoint God as one’s deputy. Tawakkul necessitates doing what is necessary for something and then waiting for God to create the effect and accepting that the real effect comes from God.

For instance, tawakkul for a farmer necessitates digging the field, watering the field, doing all other necessary things and then asking for the fruits and crop from God and knowing that the fruits that he obtains are belongings of God Almighty and that they are His grant to him.

Tawakkul in a war necessitates being equipped with the most effective weapons, acting in accordance with the rules of war and then relying on God for the victory.

Tawakkul for a student necessitates studying well for his subjects and then relying on God to make him pass his exams.

Tawakkul without sowing the field, without getting ready for the war or without studying for the exams is not what Islam orders and finds appropriate; it is regarded laziness and lethargy.

That is, tawakkul means to act completely in accordance with the laws called the divine sunnah regarding worldly and otherworldly issues and to expect the result from God.

Badiuzzaman Said Nursi defines tawakkul as follows:  “Tawakkul is not to reject causes altogether; it is rather to know that causes are a veil to the hand of power and have recourse to them. Knowing that attempting causes is a sort of active prayer, it is to seek the effects only from Almighty God, recognize that the results are from Him alone, and to be thankful to Him.”

We will explain tawakkul under the light of this definition. First of all, we will briefly deal with the words cause and effect.

Cause is a means and condition. God Almighty attributed every effect regarding the world and the hereafter to certain conditions and causes. Each of those conditions is called a cause. The things that are attributed to causes are called effects.

For instance, worshipping is a cause; Paradise is an effect. A sheep is a cause; milk is an effect. A bee is a cause; honey is an effect. Or, the sun, the soil, water are causes; a tree is an effect. From another point of view, a tree is a cause and a fruit is an effect.

It is God who creates causes and effects.

Causes have no influence on creating effects but causes are laws of God; therefore, those who do not act in accordance with them, will be deprived of effects.

Thus, tawakkul is: “to expect the effect from God after acting in accordance with the causes, to trust in Him and to consent to everything that comes from Him whether they are in accordance with what one desires or not.”

As a matter of fact, God Almighty states the following in the Quran:

“Then when thou hast taken a decision, put thy trust in Allah. For Allah loves those who put their trust (in Him).”(Aal-i Imran:159)

As the verse indicates, we are ordered to take a decision first and then to put trust in God. We are not asked to put trust in God without doing anything.

Making decisions necessitates reliance. A person who does not rely on God will rely on himself or causes. However, both he and causes are extremely weak. Since he and causes are extremely weak, man can find peace of mind only when he puts trust in God, who creates all causes and who grants him bounties through those causes.

God Almighty distilled man materially and spiritually from this realm and created him as if he was a fruit of the tree of the universe. Due to tis creation, man is connected with the universe in all aspects. No matter what man wants to do, he will attempt to do it first and then he will act in accordance with the causes in this realm that will help him. When his personal attempt comes together with the causes, expecting the effect from God is a kind of actual prayer. It is God who will create the effect. Tawakkul starts at exactly this point.

A farmer who wants to produce wheat works in the field, plows, sows and waters it. After doing things in accordance with causes, he relies on God and expects the wheat from God with peace of mind. As it is understood from this example, only the attempt of man is not enough for the effect; similarly, causes like field, water and seed cannot produce the effect without the attempt of man. It is a law of God Almighty. The way of asking wheat from Him is the attempt of the person and acting in accordance with causes.

Now, we want to ask those who oppose the principle of tawakkul in Islam this question:

Would it be better for the man in the example to sit and wait in his house during the whole winter with worry and anxiety without tawakkul after doing his best and acting in accordance with causes?

Or, would it not be better for him to say the following and expect the effect from God Almighty with patience and consent: “It is nice no matter what my Merciful Lord, who knows me better than I do and who is more merciful toward me than I am, sends me. Whatever my Merciful Creator, who fed me in the uterus, in the dark house, with compassion, who appointed my father and my mother to help me when I was born, who made mountains help me with ores, orchards with fruits, and seas with fish, gives me, it is good for me. My thought is insufficient like my power and strength. I did not know what organs would be useful for me when I was in the uterus; I do not know what will be good for me in this world for the hereafter, either. Then, I rely on and trust in Him.”?

Or would it be better for a patient to put trust in God after taking the medicine that the doctor prescribed and to expect remedy from Him or to wait in anxiety and to be in a spiritually terrible situation without tawakkul?

Just like tawakkul, all of the orders and prohibitions of the Quran grant people both worldly and otherworldly bliss.

A believer expects the effect from God after doing his best and acting in accordance with all conditions. If the effect turns out to be as he wished, he thanks God Almighty. If the effects turns out to be opposite to what he wished, he will maintain his peace and gets a reward for the hereafter by saying, “My Lord is more compassionate toward me than I am; my compassion is partial like my will. Then, I put trust in the Owner of endless mercy. Everything that comes from Him is nice. The trouble that He gives will turn out to be a remedy.”

A believer who knows the real nature of things will utter the following: “O Lord! If you grant me what I want, I will praise you and thank you. If you do not grant me what I want, I will gladly accept what you will and I will welcome it one thousand times more gladly and happily than what I wanted.” Test-tube culture makes it possible to regenerate a gm plant from a sratrting site single cell into which foreign dna has been incorporated

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